- 1 Where did the British live in Kolkata?
- 2 Was Calcutta a British colony?
- 3 Why was Calcutta capital of British India?
- 4 What was the Indian part in Calcutta under British known as?
- 5 What was Kolkata old name?
- 6 Why did the British choose Bengal?
- 7 What is the capital of British?
- 8 What was Chennai old name?
- 9 Who Found Kolkata?
- 10 Which is City of Joy in India?
- 11 Why did British shifted capital to Delhi?
- 12 Who founded Mumbai?
- 13 Which city was the capital of British India?
Where did the British live in Kolkata?
There were three large villages along the east bank of the river Ganges, named, Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata. These three villages were bought by the British from the local land lords.
Was Calcutta a British colony?
The history of Kolkata as a British settlement, known to the British as Calcutta, dates from the establishment of a trading post there by Job Charnock, an agent of the English East India Company, in 1690.
Why was Calcutta capital of British India?
Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. Calcutta at that time was described as a pestilential town.
What was the Indian part in Calcutta under British known as?
Till 1912, Calcutta was the capital of India, when the British moved the capital city to Delhi. In 1947, when India gained freedom and the country got partitioned between India and Pakistan, Calcutta was included in the Indian part of Bengal, West Bengal.
What was Kolkata old name?
Although the city’s name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation.
Why did the British choose Bengal?
Bengal was the most fertile and the richest of India’s provinces. Its industries and commerce were well developed. The East India Company and its servants had highly profitable trading interests in the province.
What is the capital of British?
Following English transcription, “Kāl Kāʈa” became “Calcutta”. The name may have its origin in the words khal meaning “canal”, followed by kaṭa, which may mean “dug”. The name may have been derived from the Bengali term kilkila (“flat area”).
What was Chennai old name?
Chennai, originally known as Madras Patnam, was located in the province of Tondaimandalam, an area lying between Pennar river of Nellore and the Pennar river of Cuddalore. The capital of the province was Kancheepuram.
Who Found Kolkata?
Calcutta was established in the year 1686 as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. On August 24, 1686, Job Charnock, who was believed to be the founder of Calcutta first came to the village of Sutanuti as a representative of the British East India Company to establish a factory.
Which is City of Joy in India?
CITY OF JOY! Kolkata, A City of Joy! Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Why did British shifted capital to Delhi?
Why was India’s capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi? The capital was shifted from Calcutta as Delhi was the financial and political seat of many earlier empires and was located closer to the geographical center of India. The rising nationalist movement in Calcutta was also responsible for the shift.
Who founded Mumbai?
King Bhimdev founded his kingdom in the region in the late 13th century and established his capital in Mahikawati (present day Mahim). The Pathare Prabhus, among the earliest known settlers of the city, were brought to Mahikawati from Saurashtra in Gujarat around 1298 by Bhimdev.
Which city was the capital of British India?
Following mass protests, the contract was cancelled five years later, but the threat of private control of common property resources still looms large over India. Sheonath was the first river to be “sold”, followed over the years by three other rivers in Chhattisgarh and several more in other parts of the country.