FAQ: Why Did They Rename Calcutta?

Why did Calcutta change its name?

Although the city’s name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation.

Is Calcutta now called Mumbai?

Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई), from Bombay, renamed in 1995. Kochi (Malayalam: കൊച്ചി), from Cochin, respelled in 1996. Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை), from Madras, renamed in 1996. Kolkata (Bengali: কলকাতা), from Calcutta, respelled in 2001.

Why did they change Bombay to Mumbai?

Shiv Sena’s leadership pushed for the name change for many years prior to 1995. They argued that “Bombay” was a corrupted English version of “Mumbai” and an unwanted legacy of British colonial rule. The push to rename Bombay was part of a larger movement to strengthen Marathi identity in the Maharashtra region.

Why did British change capital from Calcutta to Delhi?

* Another main reason for the capital shift was the location of Delhi. Calcutta was situated in the eastern coastal part of the country, while Delhi was located in the northern part. * The British government also believed that ruling India from Delhi was easier and more convenient than from Calcutta.

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Is Kolkata a poor city?

Calcutta is unique among Indian cities. Not for its poverty and destitution, although it has become world famous for that. It is still a city of culture and the arts and was home to the Nobel prize-winning poet Rabindranath Tagore and, much later, the film-maker Satyajit Ray.

What did Calcutta used to be called?

Kolkata (formerly known as Calcutta) is the capital of the [Asia]]n state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Bhagirathi-Hooghly (Ganga). The city was a colonial city developed by the East India Company and then by the British Empire.

What is the new name of Poona?

It became “Poona“ in the British regime in 1857 and was last changed to Pune in 1978. The only exception was when Mughal emperor Aurangzeb renamed the city as “Muhiyabad“ sometime between 1703 and 1705 in memory of his great-grandson Muhi-ul-Milan, who died here.

Where is the black hole of Calcutta?

The Black Hole of Calcutta was a dungeon in Fort William, Calcutta, measuring 4.30 × 5.50 ⁠metres (14 × 18 ⁠⁠feet), in which troops of Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war on the night of 20 June 1756.

What is the 5 name of India?

India is known by many names – Jambudweepa, Al-Hind, Hindustan, Tenjiku, Aryavarta, and Bharat.

Who named Mumbai?

The city’s official name change, to Mumbai from Bombay happened when regional political party Shiv Sena came into power in 1995. The Shiv Sena saw Bombay as a legacy of British colonialism and wanted the city’s name to reflect its Maratha heritage, hence renaming it to pay tribute to the goddess Mumbadevi.

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What was Bombay called before the British?

The Portuguese gave the islands various names but they eventually came to be known as Bombaim (or good bay). In 1661, Bombay was made over to the British as part of Catherine of Braganza’s dowry when she married Charles II of England.

Who was first Viceroy of India?

Government of India Act 1858 passed which changed the name of post-Governor General of India by Viceroy of India. The Viceroy was appointed directly by the British government. The first Viceroy of India was Lord Canning.

What is the capital of Bombay?

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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