FAQ: Why Was The Capital Of India Shifted From Calcutta To Delhi?

When did capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi?

During the Delhi Durbar on 12th December 1911, George V, then emperor of India, along with the Queen made the announcement that Capital of India shifted from Calcutta to Delhi, while laying the foundation stone of Capital of India in Coronation Park.

Who changed the capital of India from Kolkata to Delhi?

The foundation of Delhi was laid at the Coronation Durbar of 1911 by King George V as the Capital of British India. Prior to this Calcutta served as the capital. Shifting of the Capital from Calcutta to Delhi was led by two major factors: Indian Councils Act of 1909.

How did Delhi became the capital of India?

In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi. Construction began in 1912 at a site about 3 miles (5 km) south of the Delhi city centre, and the new capital was formally dedicated in 1931.

You might be interested:  Stay Where You Are, Find Your Own Calcutta?

Who was first Viceroy of India?

Government of India Act 1858 passed which changed the name of post-Governor General of India by Viceroy of India. The Viceroy was appointed directly by the British government. The first Viceroy of India was Lord Canning.

Who shifted Delhi capital?

However, it was 20 years later that King George V, during his visit to India, announced that New Delhi will replace Kolkata (then Calcutta) as national capital. And finally, on February 13, 1931 Lord Irwin inaugurated the new capital – New Delhi.

Who designed the city of Delhi?

EDWIN LUTYENS, the Edwardian architect who planned New Delhi nearly a century ago, intended it to serve as a grand imperial capital capable of holding its own against Washington or Paris.

Which part of India is Delhi?

New Delhi is a city in northern India, and capital of the country. It is located in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, on the Yamuna River.

Who ruled India in 1912?

On February 14, 1912, George V gave a speech in the British Parliament about his visit to the imperial colonies and expressed his trust to India people and government he saw during his visit to India in 1911. On December 18–21, 1912 the India National (Missionary) Conference convened in Calcutta.

What was the old name of Delhi?

The history of the city is as old as the epic Mahabharata. The town was known as Indraprastha, where Pandavas used to live. In due course eight more cities came alive adjacent to Indraprastha: Lal Kot, Siri, Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and Shahjahanabad.

You might be interested:  Readers ask: Does The Levelwind Move When Casting On A Calcutta?

Which city is India’s capital for one day?

Allahabad became the capital of the North-Western Provinces in 1858 and was the capital of India for a day.

How many states are there in India in 2020?

There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her. From the largest to the smallest, each State/ UT of India has a unique demography, history and culture, dress, festivals, language etc.

Who was last Viceroy of India?

That man was Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of British India.

Who was the best Viceroy of India?

Top 15 British Viceroys of India

  • Viceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):
  • Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):
  • Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):
  • Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):
  • Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):
  • Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):
  • Viceroy # 7.
  • Viceroy # 8.

Which Viceroy has longest tenure in India?

Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd marquess of Linlithgow, (born Sept. 24, 1887, Abercorn, West Lothian, Scot. —died Jan. 5, 1952, Abercorn), British statesman and longest serving viceroy of India (1936–43) who suppressed opposition to British presence there during World War II.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *