Readers ask: What Was Calcutta Called Before?

When was the name of Calcutta changed to Kolkata?

Kochi (Malayalam: കൊച്ചി), from Cochin, respelled in 1996. Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை), from Madras, renamed in 1996. Kolkata (Bengali: কলকাতা), from Calcutta, respelled in 2001.

Why did Bombay change its name?

In the mid-1990s, Shiv Sena, the Hindu nationalist party in power in Bombay, decided to change the city’s name to Mumbai, a name often used in local languages that derives from Mumba Devi, the patron Hindu goddess of the island’s original residents, the Koli fishermen.

What was the capital before Calcutta?

During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the latter half of the 19th century, Shimla had become the summer capital. King George V proclaimed the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the climax of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.

What was Bengal before?

Bengal was referred to as Ganaridai by the ancient Greeks around 100 BC, meaning, speculatively, a land with the river Ganga in its seat of the Gupta Empire. The first recorded independent king of Bengal was Shashank, reigning around the early 7th century.

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Is Kolkata a dead city?

In 1985, prime minister Rajiv Gandhi dubbed Kolkata a “dying city” in light of its socio-political woes. It was the world’s longest-serving democratically elected communist government, during which Kolkata was a key base for Indian communism.

Is Kolkata a poor city?

Calcutta is unique among Indian cities. Not for its poverty and destitution, although it has become world famous for that. It is still a city of culture and the arts and was home to the Nobel prize-winning poet Rabindranath Tagore and, much later, the film-maker Satyajit Ray.

Which is the dirtiest city in the India?

According to the rankings, Ghaziabad in Uttar Pradesh was the most polluted with the average annual PM 2.5 levels of 106.6ug/m3, making it the second most polluted city in the world after Hotan in China (110.2 ug/m3). The next 13 ranks were also held by cities in India.

Who named Mumbai?

The name Mumbai is derived from Mumbā or Mahā-Ambā —the name of the patron goddess (kuladevata) Mumbadevi of the native Koli community— and ā’ī meaning “mother” in the Marathi language, which is the mother tongue of the Koli people and the official language of Maharashtra.

Who gave the name Bombay?

In Lendas da Índia or the Legends of India, written in old Portuguese by writer Gaspar Correia, the city was referred to as Bombaim, meaning ‘good bay’. ‘Bombay’ is an anglicized version of the Portuguese name used by the British when they took control of the city in the 17th century.

Which city is India’s capital for one day?

Allahabad became the capital of the North-Western Provinces in 1858 and was the capital of India for a day.

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Why did the British choose Calcutta?

Calcutta was established in the year 1686 as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. On August 24, 1686, Job Charnock, who was believed to be the founder of Calcutta first came to the village of Sutanuti as a representative of the British East India Company to establish a factory.

Why did the British choose Bengal?

Bengal was the most fertile and the richest of India’s provinces. Its industries and commerce were well developed. The East India Company and its servants had highly profitable trading interests in the province.

Is Bangladesh richer than West Bengal?

According to the data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Bangladesh’s per capita GDP was $1,905 in 2019, against West Bengal’s $1,566 in 2018-19 (FY19) — economically the most developed state in eastern India. Bangladesh’s lead over other states in eastern India is even bigger.

Why was Bengal so rich?

The Bengal Subah province in the Mughal Empire was the wealthiest state in the subcontinent. Bengal’s trade and wealth impressed the Mughals so much that it was described as the Paradise of the Nations by the Mughal Emperors. Bengal also had a large shipbuilding industry.

What is the old name of Bangladesh?

With the partition of India in 1947, it became the Pakistani province of East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan), one of five provinces of Pakistan, separated from the other four by 1,100 miles (1,800 km) of Indian territory. In 1971 it became the independent country of Bangladesh, with its capital at Dhaka.

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