- 1 When and why did the British shift the capital?
- 2 When did capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi?
- 3 Which British Governor General shifted India’s capital from Calcutta to Delhi?
- 4 Why did the British choose Calcutta?
- 5 When did British gain control of Delhi?
- 6 Who shifted capital from Delhi to devagiri?
- 7 What is the capital of Bombay?
- 8 Who is first Viceroy of India?
- 9 Who was the best Viceroy of India?
- 10 Who was last Viceroy of India?
- 11 Who ruled India before British?
- 12 What made British to leave India?
- 13 What was Mumbai’s old name?
When and why did the British shift the capital?
Delhi was officially announced as the capital of British Raj by the then-Emperor George V, on December 12, 1911. The capital was shifted from Calcutta as Delhi was the financial and political seat of many earlier empires and was located closer to the geographical center of India.
When did capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi?
During the Delhi Durbar on 12th December 1911, George V, then emperor of India, along with the Queen made the announcement that Capital of India shifted from Calcutta to Delhi, while laying the foundation stone of Capital of India in Coronation Park.
Which British Governor General shifted India’s capital from Calcutta to Delhi?
At that time, Lord Hardinge was the Governor General of the British held territories in India, and he was the one that shifted the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi.
Why did the British choose Calcutta?
Calcutta was established in the year 1686 as a result of the expansion plans of the British Raj. On August 24, 1686, Job Charnock, who was believed to be the founder of Calcutta first came to the village of Sutanuti as a representative of the British East India Company to establish a factory.
When did British gain control of Delhi?
In 1803, the British gained control of Delhi after defeating the Marathas.
Who shifted capital from Delhi to devagiri?
The one decision for which Muhammad bin Tughlaq, the 14th century sultan of Delhi, is most remembered, is the disastrous shifting of his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in the Deccan, in present-day Maharashtra.
What is the capital of Bombay?
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Who is first Viceroy of India?
Government of India Act 1858 passed which changed the name of post-Governor General of India by Viceroy of India. The Viceroy was appointed directly by the British government. The first Viceroy of India was Lord Canning.
Who was the best Viceroy of India?
Top 15 British Viceroys of India
- Viceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):
- Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):
- Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):
- Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):
- Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):
- Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):
- Viceroy # 7.
- Viceroy # 8.
Who was last Viceroy of India?
That man was Lord Louis Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of British India.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
What made British to leave India?
1947: Partition of India During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
What was Mumbai’s old name?
Marathi speakers have long referred to the city as Mumbai, after the Hindu goddess Mumbadevi, the city’s patron deity. Shiv Sena had argued that the previous name, Bombay, was an unwanted relic of British colonial rule in India.